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Congestion Assessment
These county wide congestion assessment maps show levels of congestion on all major state roadways in Maryland, on an average weekday, during the morning (AM) and evening (PM) peak hours. The mapping was developed to depict the roadway performance. This allows users to easily determine the spatial extent of peak hour traffic congestion. The results may be used to compare traffic operations on state maintained roadways in various jurisdictions. Please note: these maps provide a generalized picture of congestion. A detailed corridor study may produce slightly different results since corridor studies are normally performed at a greater level of detail.

Explanation Of the Process
The Congestion Assessment was done using two methods depending on the roadway type. Average peak hour vehicle speed was utilized on the freeways and expressways to monitor congestion levels. Traffic counts were used to evaluate congestion levels on signalized arterial roadways. Vehicle probe speed data was used to determine the Travel Time Index (TTI)* on majority of the freeways and expressways, and the corresponding values were used to grade the congestion levels on those roadways. On the remaining roads (i.e signalized arterial roadways), congestion was based on levels of service (LOS) calculated using 2000 Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) procedures. This methodology utilizes weekday peak hour volumes to determine the effects of demand on the roadway

Categories
Roadways were generally defined to experience congestion in four categories: Uncongested, Moderately Congested, Heavily Congested and Severely Congested. We classify the freeway and expressway congestion based on their TTI Values: Uncongested is less than 1.15, Moderate Congestion between 1.15 and 1.3, Heavy Congestion between 1.3 and 2 & Severe Congestion greater than 2. The signalized arterial roadways are classified based on the LOS grade obtained from the HCM based calculations. LOS A, B & C represent Uncongested conditions, where as LOS D corresponds to Moderate Congestion and LOS E & F represent Heavy Congestion.

* * TTI is defined as the ratio of the travel time for a trip in congested conditions compared to the same trip in free flow conditions. For example, a TTI of 1.5 means a trip taking 20 minutes in uncongested conditions will take one and half times as long, or 30 minutes, in congestion. Alternatively, a TTI is the ratio of the free flow speed to the congested speed.

Categories HCM LOS TTI VALUES
GREEN (Uncongested) A,B,C 0-1.15
ORANGE(Moderate Congestion) D 1.15-1.3
RED (Heavy Congestion) E,F 1.3-2.0
BLACK(Sever Congestion) Not used for HCM >2.0


Maryland Map with Counties

 

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